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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 57(4):2019 > Article
The Korean Journal of Parasitology 2019;57(4):329-339. doi: https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.4.329
Current Status of Parasite Infections in Indonesia: A Literature Review
Juyoung Lee1, Jae-Sook Ryu2,3
1Department of Malay-Indonesian Interpretation and Translation, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin 17035, Korea
2Department of Environmental Biology and Medical Parasitology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul 04763, Korea
3Department of Biomedical Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Science & Engineering, Seoul 04763, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Jae-Sook Ryu, Email: jsryu@hanyang.ac.kr
Received: February 6, 2019;  Revised: May 28, 2019;  Accepted: May 30, 2019.
Abstract
Indonesia and South Korea have become inseparable in various respects since the 2 countries established diplomatic relation in 1973. Indonesia is a tropical region that stretches across the equator, comprised of 5 main islands (Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Papua) and 4 archipelagoes (Riau, Bangka Belitung, Nusa Tenggara, and Maluku). As most population of Eastern Indonesia (Sulawesi, Papua and Nusa Tenggara & Maluku) live in poor areas, it is expected that there will be many parasites. Nevertheless, little is known about the status of parasites in Indonesia. This study examines the prevalences of malaria and lymphatic filaria, which are prevalent in Indonesia, as well as those of soil-transmitted-helminths (STH). As a result, the Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax case loads are almost equal. The current prevalence of P. vivax is uniformly low (<5%) in all age groups and annual parasite incidence (API) showed decreasing tendency as 0.84 per 1,000 population in 2016. However, more than 65 million people still live in malaria epidemic regions. Lymphatic filariasis remains an important public health problem and 236 cities were classified as endemic areas in 514 cities/districts in 2017. It is difficult to ascertain the current prevalence rate of STH in Indonesia, although West Sumba and Southwest Sumba in East Nusa Tenggara reported prevalence rate of more than 20%. The study also considers the (sero) prevalences of other parasites identified in Indonesia. This report should be useful not only to parasitologists but also to travelers and people with business in Indonesia.
Key words: Indonesia, parasite, prevalence, malaria, filaria, soil-transmitted helminths
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