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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 57(4):2019 > Article
The Korean Journal of Parasitology 2019;57(4):399-404. doi: https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.4.399
Epidemiologic Trends and Seasonality of Scabies in South Korea, 2010-2017
Jong-Hun Kim, Hae-Kwan Cheong
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 16419, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Hae-Kwan Cheong, Email: hkcheong@skku.edu
Received: February 28, 2019;  Revised: May 26, 2019;  Accepted: June 7, 2019.
Abstract
Scabies is a parasitic skin infection with intense itching. Scabies infection seriously impairs quality of life, while outbreaks in medical institutions cause financial losses. This study aimed to present the annual and seasonal trend of prevalence of scabies in the national population. Scabies cases were extracted from National Health Insurance Service database and its epidemiologic characteristics were assessed. To analyze the seasonality of scabies occurrence, temperature and humidity were included in the model as weather factors, and the per capita gross national income index was adjusted. The annual prevalence by age group was 0.56-0.69 per 1,000 persons until the age of 40 years and peaked at 3.0-4.1 per 1,000 persons in the age group over 80 years. The number of women diagnosed with scabies has been consistently higher compared to that of men since 2010. Mean number of cases diagnosed as scabies was lowest in spring, approximately 4,000 cases, when the average temperature was less than 5°C at 2 months prior, whereas more than 6,000 scabies cases occurred in autumn when temperatures exceeded 25°C at 2 months prior. This study presents the epidemiological characteristics and seasonality of all cases nationwide over 8 years and will help to establish control policies.
Key words: Scabies, seasonality, prevalence, trend, elderly population, climate
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