| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact us
Korean J Parasitol > Volume 35(1):1997 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1997 Mar;35(1):9-17. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1997.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1997.35.1.9
Copyright © 1997 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Fauna and geographical distribution of house dust mites in Korea
H I Ree,*1S H Jeon,1I Y Lee,1C S Hong,2 and D K Lee3
1Department of Parasitology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-752, Korea.
Received January 04, 1997; Accepted February 11, 1997.


During the period of 1933-1994, house dusts were collected from 65 homes at 10 different localities by operating electric vacuum cleaners. House dust mites were isolated from 10 g dust by applying the modified wet sieving method. Total 7,257 mites were collected and 23 species were identified. Among them, Dermatophagoides farinae (DF) was predominant (65.3% of the total), followed by D. pteronyssinus (DP) (20.6%) and Tyrophagus putrescentiae (TP) (6.5%). Rhizoglyphus robini, Sancassania phyllophagianus, Cheyletus traussarti and Scheloribates latipes were the first findings from Korea. DF was predominant in Seoul (66.8%). Kwangju (63.6%), inland of Pusan (79.6%), Inchon (96.5%). Taejon (83.9%), Chonju (87.15) and Chongju (95.2%), whereas DP was predominant in Yongkwang-ub (72.5%) and Yongdo (island) of Pusan (64.9%), and TP in Chunchon (38.2%). The localities where DP and TP were predominant showed higher relative humidity in air (> 73% RH). Among 62 study homes, DF, DP and TP were found in 24.6% of the homes, co-habitat of two species in 48.1% and one species in 27.3%. DF was predominant in 63.5% of the homes studied. DP in 29.6% and TP in 6.9%. In 10 g of the house dust, less than 99 mites were found in 49 homes (70.0%), 100-499 mites in 11 homes (15.7%). 500-999 mites in 3 homes (4.3%) and more than 1,000 mites in 2 homes (2.9%). No mite was found in 5 homes (7.1%). In order to evaluate environmental factors affecting the population density of house dust mites, house type, age of house construction, size of the house, number of the family and frequency of the cleaning were compared with the number of mites, and none of the above factors were statistically correlated with the mite density.


Table 1
Result of mite collections from house dusts in 1993-1994 at 10 locations in Korea

Table 2
Average number (per cent) of three major species of house dust mites at 10 locations in Korea (Number/10 gm dust/home)

Table 3
Co-habitat of three predominant species (DF, DP ang TP)a) at 9 location of Korea

Table 4
Number (per cent) of homes in which DF, DP or TP was predominant specise

Table 5
Number of homes with mite densities (average number of mites per 10 gm of the coarse house dust)

Table 6
Comparison of house dust mite densities between apartments and private houses

Table 7
Comparison of house dust mite densities among different of the houses

Table 8
Correlation between house dust mite densities and cleaning frequencies of the houses

Table 9
Comparison of house dust mite densities among different family sizes

Table 10
Comparison of house dust mite densities among different ages of house construction

1. Ancona G. Policlim (Sez Med) 1923;30:45–70.
2. Arlian LG, Bernstein D, Bernstein IL, Friedman S, Grant A, Lieberman P, Lopez M, Metzger J, Platts-Mills T, Schatz M, et al. Prevalence of dust mites in the homes of people with asthma living in eight different geographic areas of the United States. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1992;90(3 Pt 1):292–300.
3. van Bronswijk JE. [House dust ecosystem and house dust allergen (s). Acta Allergol 1972;27(3):219–228.
4. van Bronswijk JE. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessary, 1897) in mattress and floor dust in a temperate climate (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). J Med Entomol 1973;10(1):63–70.
6. van Bronswijk JE, Sinha RN. Pyroglyphid mites (Acari) and house dust allergy. J Allergy 1971;47(1):31–52.
7. Cho BK. J Catholic Med College 1980;33(2):407–421.
8. Cho BK. Korean J Dermatol 1977;15(2):133–138.
9. Chu JK, Song SB, Kim DK, Kim YK. [Epidemiological Studies On The Acaroid Mite]. Korean J Parasitol 1967;5(1):71–77.
10. Cooke RA. J Immunol 1922;7:147–149.
11. Goo DW, et al. J Catholic Med College 1989;42(3):747–755.
12. Hashimoto T, et al. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1993;44(3):185–195.
13. Hewitt M, Barrow GI, Miller DC, Turk F, Turk S. [Mites in the personal environment and their role in skin disorders. Br J Dermatol 1973;89(4):401–409.
14. Ho TM, et al. Trop Biorned 1985;2:54–58.
15. Ishii A, et al. allergy 1979;24:379–387.
16. Kang SY, et al. J Korean Med Assoc 1975;18(12):1081–1089.
17. Jern A. Med Clin N Amer 1921;5:751–755.
18. Lee WK, et al. Korean J Dermatol 1984;22(3):286–294.
19. Mumcuoglu Y. House dust mites in Switzerland. I. Distribution and taxonomy. J Med Entomol 1976;13(3):361–373.
20. Munir AK, Bjorksten B, Einarsson R, Ekstrand-Tobin A, Möller C, Warner A, Kjellman NI. Mite allergens in relation to home conditions and sensitization of asthmatic children from three climatic regions. Allergy 1995;50(1):55–64.
21. Oshima S. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1970;21(1):1–17.
22. Paik YH, et al. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1992;43(1):29–35.
23. Suto C, et al. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1991;42(2):129–140.
24. Suto C, et al. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1992;43(3):217–228.
25. Suto C, et al. Jpn J Sanit Zool 1992;43(4):307–318.
27. Takaoka M, Fujimoto Y. [Ecological relationship of house dust mites to age of the house]. Arerugi 1985;34(9):866–873.
28. Wharton GW. House dust mites. J Med Entomol 1976;12(6):577–621.
Editorial Office
c/o Department of Medical Environmental Biology
Chung-AngUniversity College of Medicine, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
Tel: +82-2-820-5683   Fax: +82-2-826-1123   E-mail: kjp.editor@gmail.com
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © 2018 by The Korean Society for Parasitology and Tropical Medicine. All rights reserved.     powerd by m2community