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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 30(4):1992 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1992 Dec;30(4):237-243. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1992.30.4.237
Copyright © 1992 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Growth and development of Metorchis orientalis in chicks and its adult morphology
W M Sohn,J Y Chai,* and S H Lee*
Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Pusan 614-735, Korea.
*Department of Parasitology and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea.

In order to observe the infectivity, growth and development and adult morphology of Metorchis orientalis, a total of 40 chicks were experimentally infected with 100 metacercariae respectively, collected from Pseudorasbora parva. The worms of various developmental stages were recovered from chicks at 1.5, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 14 and 21 days after infection, and they were prepared for morphological observations and measurements. All of the worms were found in the gallbladders of chicks, and their recovery rate was 32% in average. The growth of the body was rapid from 9 to 11 days after infection. The genital primordia appeared in 1.5 and 3-day old worms, and ovary and testes were first observed in 5-day old worms. Thereafter, genital organs gradually matured and completed up to 11 days after infection. The adult worm was leaf-like, and possessed a convoluted tubular seminal vesicle, an ovoid ovary, a sac-like seminal receptacle, 2 lobed-testes and follicular vitellaria. Eggs were 31.9 × 15.3 <m in average size, ellipsoid to elliptical in shape and possessed abopercular thickenings. From the above results, it is concluded that M. orientalis grows in sigmoid pattern in chicks, and their genital organs fully mature between days 9 and 11. It is also confirmed that a chick is a new definitive host of M. orientalis.


Fig. 1
The growth curve of M. orientalis up to 21 days after infection.

Figs. 2-7
Metorchis orientalis form the experimentally infected chicks.

Fig. 2. A 1,5-day old worm.

Fig. 3. A 3-day old worm.

Fig. 4. A 5-day old worm.

Fig. 5. A 7-day old worm.

Fig. 6. A 9-day old worm.

Fig. 7. A 11-day old worm.

Figs. 8-11
Metorchis orientalis form the experimentally infected chicks.

Fig. 8. A 14-day old worm, showing oral sucker (OS), seminal vesicle(SV), ventral sucker(VS), vitellaria(V), uterus(U), ovary(O), seminal receptacle(SR), testis(T) and cecum(C).

Figs. 9~10. Two 21-day old worms.

Original Article Intrauterine eggs of M. orientalis.

*Bar unit is mm.


Table 1
Recovery rate of M. orientalis from the experimentally infected chicks

Table 2
Measurements* of M. orientalis recovered from the experimentally infected chicks

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