| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact us |  
Korean J Parasitol > Volume 21(1):1983 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1983 Jun;21(1):83-86. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1983.21.1.83
Copyright © 1983 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
The infection status of sparganum and Gnathostoma in frogs of southern part of Korea
Chang-Hwan Kim
Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Korea.

A survey on the infection status of sparganum and Gnathostoma in frogs was carried out in 11 areas in Gyeongsangnam-do and Cheonlanam-do province, a southern part of Korea.

1. Among 626 frogs examined, 4% were infected with sparganum, but none with Gnathostoma. The infection rates of sparganum were variable according to the areas. Those from Kimhae, Sunchun, Jinhae, Sachun, Kosung, Keoje, and Hadong were 16%, 9.1%, 9.1%, 4.1%, 2%, 2%, and 1.5% respectively, but frogs from Hapchun, KwangJu, Namwon and Sanchung were not found infected.

2. Rana nigromaculata was the only species infected with sparganum. Rana rugosa and Bombina orientalis were not infected.

3. sparganum was mainly found in the legs and the trunk of frog. About 92.5% of worms were detected in the femoral intermuscular connective tissue.

4. Number per infected frog was in range of one to five, and 2.8% of frogs were infected by only one worm.

5. The heavier the frog weight, the higher the infection rate of sparganum. In frogs of 51-60 grams, 28.6% were infected.


Fig. 1
A map showing localities where the frogs were collected. 1. Kimhae, 2. Jinhae, 3. Keoje, 4. Kosung, 5. Sachun, 6. Hapchun, 7. Sanchung, 8. Hadong, 9. Sunchun, 10. Namwon, 11. Kwangju.


Table 1
Infection rate of Sparganum and Gnathostoma on frogs in surveyed area

Table 2
Location where spargana were found in frogs

Table 3
Number of Sparganum examined in R. nigromaclata

Table 4
Positive rate of Sparganum according to sex and body weight of frogs

1. Chang K, et al. Theses Catholic Med Coll 1966;10:267–278.
2. Chang K, et al. Theses Catholic Med Coll 1965;3(2):55–56.
3. Cho SY, Hwang KI, Seo BS. On The Sparganum Mansoni Infection In Some Korean Terrestrial Snakes. Korean J Parasitol 1973;11(2):87–94.
4. Hasegawa H, et al. Jpn J Parasit 1982;31 suppl:53.
5. Honda D. J Chosen Med Ass 1938;28:1752.
6. Jang DH. Korean J Vet Res 1964;8(4):3–11.
7. Kim CH, Shin DW. [Prevalence of sparganum of frogs (Rana nigromaculata) in Dae-jeon area, Chung-nam, Korea]. Korean J Parasitol 1975;13(2):159–162.
8. Kim CH, et al. Korean Modern Med 1967;6:191–195.
9. Kim YS, et al. Korean J Vet Res 1973;13(1):75–77.
10. Kim YK. Theses Pusan University 1974;15:111–116.
11. Miyazaki I, et al. Igaku to Seibutsugaku 1952;26(6):235–237.
12. Refuerzo PG, et al. Philipp J Anim Ind 1938;5(4):351–362.
13. Tada I, et al. Jpn J Parasit 1969;27(3):185–189.
Editorial Office
Department of Molecular Parasitology, Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University,
2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 16419, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
Tel: +82-31-299-6251   FAX: +82-1-299-6269   E-mail: kjp.editor@gmail.com
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © 2022 by The Korean Society for Parasitology and Tropical Medicine.     Developed in M2PI