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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 10(2):1972 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1972 Aug;10(2):100-108. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1972.10.2.100
Copyright © 1972 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
The prevalence of intestinal helminthes in inhabitants of Cheju Do
Byong Seol Seo,Han Jong Rim,Seung Yull Cho,Jong Ho Ahn,Jong Won Kwak,Jung Woo Lee and Se Chul Kang
Department of Parasitology and Institute of Endemic Diseases, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.
Abstract

The authors examined 3,169 fecal specimens from inhabitants of seven localities such as City, Eups and Myons in Cheju Do on July 1970 with cellophane thick smear technique. The results were analysed and summarized as follows:

1) The overall egg positive rate of helminths was 82.2% and it was attributed to high rates of soil-transmitted helminths as in case of other parts in Korea.

2) The infection rates of each species were; A. lumbricoides 44.3%, T. trichiurus 65.6%, hookworm 1.5%, T. orientalis 0.8%, C. sinensis 0.2%, P. westermani 0.4%, M. yokogawai 0.9%, Taenia sp. 12.7% and H. nana 1.4%.

3) The infection rates of soil-transmitted helminths were relatively lower than those of mainland Korea especially in case of hookworm and T. orientalis. The proportion of unfertilized ova passers among the Ascaris infected case was 22.1%.

4) The ova of heterophyids, most probably Metagonimus yokogawai were detected in lower percentage but discovered throughout the localities surveyed and in all age groups. It is certainly presumed that Metagonimus infection is autochthonous.

5) The most interesting results were obtained in Taenia sp. infection and the higher rates were shown in rural area than in urbanized areas. The positive rates were within 5% in childhood and adolescence but abruptly increased up to 36.4 % in adults.

Figures


Fig. 1
The localities examined, sample size and positive rate in Cheju Do.


Fig. 2
The age and sex distribution of surveyed population in this study.


Fig. 3
The histogram showing the status of soil-transmitted helminthes infections by areas.


Fig. 4
Graphic presentation of soil-transmitted helminthes infections by age groups.


Fig. 5
Geographical presentation of positive rates of Taenia species.


Fig. 6
Graphic presentation of positive rate of Taenia sp. according to age and sex.


Fig. 7
Diagrammatical presentation of polyparasitism in this study.

Tables


Table 1
Results of Stool Examination of Cheju Province Inhabitants by Cellophane Thick Smear Method


Table 2
Results of Stool Examination of Cheju Province Inhabitants by Age and Sex

References
1. Cho KM, et al. J Korean Modern Med 1967;7:455–461.
2. Cho KM, et al. J Korean Modern Med 1967;7:605–612.
3. Hunter GW, et al. J Parasitol 1949;35:41.
 
4. Kang SY, et al. Korean J Int Med 1965;8:341–348.
5. Kang SY, et al. Korean J Int Med 1965;8:251–258.
6. Kim JS. Mass Chemotherapy In The Control Of Paragonimiasis. Korean J Parasitol 1969;7(1):6–14.
 
7. Sadun EH, Buck AA, Lee BK, Moon CH, Burke JC. Epidemiologic studies for paragonimiasis and clonorchiasis by the use of intradermal tests. Am J Hyg 1959;69(1):68–77.
 
8. Seo BS, Rim HJ, Seong SH, Park YH, Kim BC, Lim TB. [The Epidemiological Studies On The Filariasis In Korea: I. Filariasis In Cheju-Do(Quelpart Island)]. Korean J Parasitol 1965;3(3):139–145.
 
9. Seo BS, Rim HJ, Loh IK, Lee SH, Cho SY, Park SC, Bae JW, Kim JH, Lee JS, Koo BY, Kim KS. [Study On The Status Of Helminthic Infections In Koreans]. Korean J Parasitol 1969;7(1):53–70.
 
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