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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 2(1):1964 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1964 Jun;2(1):81-86. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1964.2.1.81
Copyright © 1964 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
A study of filaria in Taiwan monkeys
Chong Hwan Kim and John F. Bergner, Jr
Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
LTJG MSC USN, Head, Deprtment of Parasitology, NAMRU-2, Taipei, Taiwan.

Filarial adult were found in the intermuscular connective tissue of the peritracheal and mandibular region of the Taiwan monkey(Macaca cyclopis). The microfilariae in the peripheral blood demonstrated a marked nocturnal periodicity with a peak between 2100-0100 hours and a low diurnal minimum between 900 and 1300 hours. Staining the microfilaria by various stains demonstrated differences in size. No development of microfilariae was detected in the Culex fatigans, Culex tritaeniohyncus, Aedes albopictus, Anopheles minimus, Armigeres subalbatus or Mansonia uniformis mosquitoes.


Fig. 1
The Microfilariae Periodicity in Monkey F.P. 23.

Fig. 2
Adults dissected from the peritracheal and mandibular region of monkey FP 23.

Fig. 3
Microfilariae in thick blood film from FP 23 dehemoglobinized and stained with Giemsa.

Fig. 4
Microfilariae in thin blood film from FP 23 stained with Giemsa.


Table 1
Comparison of Edesonfilaria malayensis and Macacanema formosana as obtained from Macaca cyclopis FP 23.

Table 2
Measurement of microfilaria described in the peripheral blood of Macaca cyclopis.

Table 3
Summary of microfilaria in Culex fatigans and Culex tritaeniorhynchus at various intervals post blood meal.

1. Hsieh HC. J Formosan MA 1961;60:289–294.
2. Schad GA, et al. Can J Zool 1963;41:797–801.
3. Wongsathuaythong S. J Trop Med and Hyg 1961;64:255–257.
4. Wanaguti S, et al. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society 1961;28:83–86.
5. Yeh LS. On a new filarioid worm, Edesonfilaria malayensis gen. et sp. nov. from the long-tailed macaque (Macaca irus). J Helminthol 1960;34:125–128.
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