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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 32(4):1994 > Article

Brief Communication
Korean J Parasitol. 1994 Dec;32(4):281-284. English.
Published online Dec 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1994.32.4.281
Copyright © 1994 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Two vivax malaria cases detected in Korea
S Y Cho,*1Y Kong,1S M Park,2J S Lee,2Y A Lim,3S L Chae,3W G Kho,4J S Lee,4J C Shim,5 and H K Shin5
1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756, Korea.
Received September 07, 1994; Accepted October 14, 1994.


On June and July 1994, two cases of vivax malaria were consecutively diagnosed at the Yongsan Hospital, Chung-Ang University in Seoul. The first patient was a soldier serving in western parts of the demilitarized zone (DMZ) while the second case was a resident of a village near DMZ. Neither patients had history of being abroad. Republic of Korea (ROK) has been free of malaria since the mid-1970s except for imported cases. The two vivax malaria cases, together with an additional patient detected in 1993, occurred in relatively small areas near DMZ. This necessitated an epidemiologic surveillance. When medical records and blood smears in the areas were examined, no other cases were found. Of 7,723 mosquitoes collected by a black light trap for two nights in June, 7,066 (91.5%) were Anopheles sinensis. In order to evaluate a significance of the recent malaria occurrence, a surveillance system should be operated in the areas.


Fig. 1
A map showing the areas where the malaria patients were detected. (*): the camp and village where the patients describe in this report has lived. (○): the camp where the case reported by Chai et al. (1994) resided.

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