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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 28(Suppl):1990 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1990 Dec;28(Suppl):123-144. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1990.28.Suppl.123
Copyright © 1990 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Cestode infections in Korea
D Y Min
Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea.

Epidemiological surveys concerning cestodes of medical importance in Korea have been sporadically reported by many workers. Among various parasitic infections, cestode infections occur less frequently than other helminthiases, but they often cause serious clinical complications. Cestodes reported so far in Korea belong to the Order Pseudophyllidea or Cyclophyllidea (Subclass Cestoda), i.e., Diphyllobothrium latum, D. yonagoense, Spirometra erinacei, sparganum, Hymenolepis diminuta, H. nana, Mesocestoides lineatus, Taenia saginata, T. solium, metacestode of T. solium (cysticercus), and Echinococcus granulosus. The present paper is a brief review of the literature concerning these cestode infections in Korea.

Taeniases by T. saginata or T. solium are prevalent cestode infections in Korea, and cysticercosis by T. solium often reveals serious clinical manifestations. H. nana infection is relatively rare, showing 0.22% egg positive rate in a nationwide survey in 1986. Sparganosis by the plerocercoid larva of Spirometra is not an uncommon cestode infection in man, and 16 kinds of animal hosts including the snakes and frogs have been reported. D. latum infection has been an uncommon intestinal parasitosis, but it tends to increase nowadays. Most of human hydatidosis cases have been recognized as imported ones from outside Korea, but one case was proven indigenous. Other 4 kinds of cestodiases are extremely rare in Korea and only a few cases have been recorded.


Table 1
Summary of 29 D. latum infected cases proven by worms in Korea (1971-1989)

Table 2
Age and sex distribution of 29 diphyllo-bothriases proven by worm in Korea (1971~1989)

Table 3
Decennial distribution of human sparganosis in Korea

Table 4
Geographical distribution of 26 sparganosis (1975~1989)

Table 5
Age and sex distribution of 119 sparganosis in Korea

Table 6
Location of spargana found in 119 Korean cases (~1989)

Table 7
History of eating raw flesh of snakes, frogs and others, and drinking untreated water in 90 verified sparganosis patients in Korea

Table 8
Natural intermediated hosts of sparganum in Korea since 1925

Table 9
Distribution of sparganum in infected frogs

Table 10
Intracranial sparganosis proven by worm in Korea

Table 11
Review on the incidence of Taenia spp., Hymenolepis nana and H. diminuta in Korea

Table 12
Eating habits and species of Taenia in 58 cases from Cheju-do, Korea (Soh et al., 1988)

Table 13
Effect of anthelmintics in the treatment of taeniasis

Table 14
Age and sex distribution of cysticercosis*

Table 15
Involved organs of cysticercosis*

Table 16
Distribution of subcutaneous cysticercoid nodules*

Table 17
Age and sex distribution of cerebral cysticercosis

Table 18
Classification of cerebral cysticercosis by CT

Table 19
Treatment of cerebral cysticercosis with praziquantel

Table 20
Review of hydatid disease reported in Korea

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