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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 27(4):1989 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1989 Dec;27(4):271-275. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1989.27.4.271
Copyright © 1989 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
The prevalence of head louse infestation among urban and rural children in Korea
K S Pai,M S Park,Y S Lee,D H Kim,K S Chung,K Y Lee,P K Kim,K Y Kim,T S Yong,*H I Ree,* and S Huh**
Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, Korea.
*Department of Parasitology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, Korea.
**Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chunchon 200-702, Korea.
Abstract

The prevalence of head louse (Pediculus hamanus var. capitis) infestation in preschool and school children in 9 urban and 8 rural areas of Korea, was investigated. Of 11,865 children who were examined for head lice and nits, 2,900(24.4%) were found infested. The over-all infestation rate of rural children, 58.9%, was higher than that of urban children, 14.4%. There also existed significant differences in the infestation rate among various regions of urban as well as rural areas. Females were more infested than males. But there was no differences in infestation rate in either sex of preschool age. The infestation rate increased gradually from the age of 6, reached a plateau between 9-12 years of age and thereafter slowly decreased. The infestation rate of an orphanage children was higher than that of general childhood population. Health education and mass-delousing attempt are urgently required to lower such a high prevalence of head louse infestation in Korea.

Figures


Fig. 1
Head louse infestation rate of rural and urban children according to age and sex.

Tables


Table 1
Head louse infestation rates of children in urban and rural areas


Table 2
Head louse infestation rate of urban children according to sex and school grade


Table 3
Head louse infestation rate of rural children according to sex and school grade


Table 4
Head louse infestation rate of kindergarten children in six districts of Korea

References
1. Chunge RN. A study of head lice among primary schoolchildren in Kenya. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1986;80(1):42–46.
  
3. Kim TK, Park CP, Ho S. [Head Louse Infestation Among The Students In Yongyang-Gun, Kyongsangbuk-To]. Korean J Parasitol 1984;22(2):273–276.
 
4. Lee SH, Oh CW, Chai JY. [Head Louse Infestation Among Primary School Children In Seosan-Gun, Chungnam Province]. Korean J Parasitol 1984;22(1):141–143.
 
5. Pai KS, Huh S. [Head louse infestation among school children in Sanbuk-myon, Mungyong-gun, Kyongsangbuk-do (1985)]. Korean J Parasitol 1987;25(1):85–86.
 
8. Slonka GF, Fleissner ML, Berlin J, Puleo J, Harrod EK, Schultz MG. An epidemic of pediculosis capitis. J Parasitol 1977;63(2):377–383.
  
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