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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 28(1):1990 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1990 Mar;28(1):11-23. Korean.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1990.28.1.11
Copyright © 1990 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
A study on the body fluid antigen of Clonorchis sinensis using immunogold labeling method
B D Chu,H J Rim and S J Kim*
Department of Parasitology and Institute for Tropical Endemic Diseases, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 110-702, Korea.
*Department of Biology, Hallym University, Chunchon 200-702, Korea.
Abstract

In order to observe the antigenic localization in the tissues of the adult Clonorchis sinensis, immunogold labeling method was applied using serum immunoglobulins (IgG) of either worm-infected rabbits (group I) or antigen-immunized rabbits (group II) (by the body fluid obtained from the adult worms). The electron micrographs of the sectioned worm tissue antigens, embedded in Lowicryl HM 20 medium and stained with protein A-gold complex (particle size: 12 nm), were compared between the group I and group II. The gold particles were observed in the interstitial matrix of the worm parenchyma, the epithelial lamellae of the cecum, and the cecal lumen both in group I and II. But the particles were in general more concentrated in group II.

The gold particles were not observed on the basal lamina of the tegument or on vitelline glands in group I, while they were highly concentrated on those areas in group II.

There were also differences in the antigenicity of interstitial matrix(reacted with group I IgG) and head part(reacted with group II IgG) of the sperm cells in the seminal receptacle.

Conclusively, it is suggested that the substances comprising the basal lamina of the tegument or vitelline glands act as specific antigens reacting with antigen(body fluid) immunized rabbit IgG. On the other hand, the substances in the cecal lumen and cecal epithelial lamellae are thought to be the specific antigen that react with the worm-infected rabbit IgG.

Figures


Figs. 1-2
Electron micrographs of sections of the worm tissue which were stained with protein A-gold complex. Gold particle size, 12 nm.

Fig. 1. The tegument of the worm, which was reacted with normal rabbit IgG, is composed of the tegumental syncytium(TS), basal layer(BL), circular(CM) and longitudinal(LM) muscle layers, interstitial matrix(IM) and tegumental cells(TC). A lot of multiple granules are accumulated in the tegumental syncytium of the worm. Gold particles are not found in the tegument or other partions of the tissue (× 5,600).

Fig. 2. Electron micrograph of a cecal section of a worm reacted with normal rabbit IgG. Gold particles are not found in the lumen or epithelial (CEL) of the cecum (× 30,000)



Figs. 3-4.
Electron micrographs of sections of the worm tissue which were stained with protein A-gold complex. Gold particle size, 12 nm.

Fig. 3, 4. Gold particles are labeled in the interstitial matrix of the tegument of the worm which was reacted with infected rabbit IgG (Fig. 3). But in the tegument of the worm which was reacted with immunized rabbit IgG, the interstitial matrix and basal layer of the tegument are labeled (Fig. 4). (× 30,000 for Figs. 3 and 4)



Figs. 5-6
Electron micrographs of sections of the worm tissue which were stained with protein A-gold complex. Gold particle size, 12 nm.

Fig. 5, 6. Electron micrographs of a cecal section of the worms reacted with infected rabbit IgG (Fig. 5) or immunized rabbit IgG (Fig. 6). Gold particles are concentrated over the cecum epithelial lamellae(CEL) and lumen matrix of the cecum (× 30,000) for Figs. 5 and 6).



Figs. 7-10
Electron micrographs of sections of the worm tissue which were stained with protein A-gold complex. Gold particle size, 12 nm.

Fig. 7, 8. Electron micrographs of section of excretory cannal of the worm reacted with infected rabbit IgG (Fig. 7) or immunized rabbit IgG (Fig. 8). Gold particles are concentrated in epithelial lamellae(EL) of the excretory cannal and excretory bladder (Fig. 7), whereas the excretory cannal of the worm which was reacted with immunized rabbit IgG is not labeled in epithelial lamellae(EL) and in lumen (Fig. 8) (× 30,000 for Figs. 7 and 8).

Fig. 9, 10. Electron micrographs of section of receptaculum seminis of the worm reacted with infected rabbit IgG (Fig. 9) or immunized rabbit IgG. The receptaculum seminis which was reacted with infected IgG is labeled over the interstitial matrix (Fig. 9) but receptaculum seminis which was reacted with immunized IgG is labeled in the sperm head (Fig. 10) (× 30,000 for Figs. 9 and 10).



Figs. 11-12
Electron micrographs of sections of the worm tissue which were stained with protein A-gold complex. Gold particle size, 12 nm.

Fig. 11, 12. Electron micrographs of section of vitelline gland of the worm which was reacted with infected (Fig. 11) or immunized IgG. The vitelline glands are not labeled in their globules in the former (Fig. 11), but strongly labeled in the latter (Fig. 12). (× 30,000 for Figs. 11 and 12).


Tables


Table 1
Quantiative density of the labeled gold particles in the tissues of C. sinensis reacted with antibodies (IgG)* obtained from rabbits infected with C. sinensis or rabbits immunized with the body fluid of C. sinensis

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